SLR paper


Course Paper

A systematic Literature review paper on analyzing and visualizing data


There are two main goals to conduct this SLR paper in this course:

o Help you toward your PhD thesis. My experience advising many phd students in different universities is that one of the easiest approaches to reach the difficult task of finding your research subject in your phd is to start by conducting an SLR in your general subject. It can help you as an output of this work to know what are some of the hot topics or trending research subjects in your area of interest. 

o As a phd student or soon to be graduate, publications are key factors in evaluating your profile. A good SLR paper in this course can be publishable whether in a conference or a journal whether directly or through extending the work after the end of the course

The overall grade for this course paper is 25 or 25% of the overall course grade.

The paper to be submitted no later than June 10th, a firm-deadline.

We will follow APA guidelines (Please read relevant material about that)

It is important to write in your own words. Paper will be evaluated using University integrity checking services.

Systematic Literature Review has a structured approach that you have to follow. You can find online many references on how to conduct SLR. Below is a table as an example describing SLR steps (). As an alternative to the 8 steps described below, minimum steps in SLR can be 5 (see ). You will be graded based on following one of those two SLR templates in completing each step properly.

You may have issue reaching or accessing some papers. Use University library or any available resources, to the best of your abilities.

You can always submit progress documents for me to discuss and evaluate (i.e. before your final submission throughout the semester).

In terms of the subjects to pick from, I will create a discussion board for that in which students should not pick repeated subjects and so you can reserve your subject earlier through the discussion board.

Verify with me through an email before finalizing your paper subject

Remember, instead of selecting a paper subject, you can start from framing a question to review or even from few selected keywords.





1. Identify   your research question. Formulate   a clear, well-defined research question of appropriate scope. Define your   terminology. Find existing reviews on your topic to inform the development of   your research question, identify gaps, and confirm that you are not   duplicating the efforts of previous reviews. Consider using a framework   like or to define you question scope.   Use to record search terms under each   concept. 

Optional: It   is a good idea to register your protocol in a publicly accessible way. This   will help avoid other people completing a review on your topic.   Similarly, before you start doing a systematic review, it’s worth checking   the different registries that nobody else has already registered a   protocol on the same topic.

  • – Systematic reviews of health care and        clinical interventions
  • – Systematic reviews of the effects of social        interventions
  • – The protocol is published immediately and        subjected to open peer review. When two reviewers approve it, the paper        is sent to Medline, Embase and other databases for indexing.
  • – Systematic reviews of healthcare practices to        assist in the improvement of healthcare outcomes globally
  • – Registry of a protocol on OSF creates a        frozen, time-stamped record of the protocol, thus ensuring a level of        transparency and accountability for the research. There are no limits to        the types of protocols that can be hosted on OSF.
  • *** – International prospective register of        systematic reviews. This is the primary database for registering systematic review protocols and        searching for published protocols. Scoping reviews are not accepted.        PROSPERO accepts protocols from all disciplines (e.g., psychology,        nutrition) with the stipulation that they must include health-related        outcomes.
  • – Similar to PROSPERO. Based in the UK,        fee-based service, quick turnaround time.
  • –        Share your search strategy and research protocol. No limit on the        format, size, access restrictions or license.

Example outlining the details and documentation necessary for   conducting a systematic review:

Hersi, M., Traversy,   G., Thombs, B. D., Beck, A., Skidmore, B., Groulx, S., Stevens, A. (2019).   Effectiveness of stop smoking interventions among adults: protocol for an   overview of systematic reviews and an updated systematic review. Systematic   Reviews, 8(1), 28.


2. Define   inclusion and exclusion criteria. Clearly state the criteria you will use to determine   whether or not a study will be included in your search. Consider study populations,   study design, intervention types, comparison groups, measured outcomes. Use   some database-supplied limits such as language, dates, humans, female/male,   age groups, and publication/study types (randomized controlled trials, etc.).


3. Search for   studies. Run your searches in   the to your topic. Work with to help you design comprehensive   search strategies across a variety of databases. Approach the grey literature   methodically and purposefully. Collect ALL of the retrieved records from each   search into , such as , or , and prior to screening.


– export your Endnote results in this screening software

4. Select   studies for inclusion based on pre-defined criteria. Start with a title/abstract screening to remove studies that   are clearly not related to your topic. Use your to screen the full-text of studies. It   is highly recommended that two independent reviewers screen all studies,   resolving areas of disagreement by consensus.


5. Extract   data from included studies. Use , or systematic review software (e.g. , ), to extract all relevant data from each   included study. It is recommended that you pilot your data extraction tool,   to determine if other fields should be included or existing fields clarified.


6. Evaluate   the risk of bias of included studies. Use a Risk of Bias tool (such as the ) to assess the potential biases of studies   in regards to study design and other factors. Read the to learn about the topic of assessing   risk of bias in included studies. You can adapt () to best meet the needs of your review,   depending on the types of studies included.


7. Present   results and assess the quality of evidence. Clearly present your findings, including   detailed methodology (such as search strategies used, selection criteria,   etc.) such that your review can be easily updated in the future with new   research findings. Perform a meta-analysis, if the studies allow. Provide   recommendations for practice and policy-making if sufficient, high quality   evidence exists, or future directions for research to fill existing gaps in   knowledge or to strengthen the body of evidence.

For more information, see: 

  • Liumbruno, G. M., Velati, C., Pasqualetti, P., &        Franchini, M. (2013). . Blood Transfusion, 11(2), 217226. 
  • – Get some inspiration and find some terms and        phrases for writing your manuscript
  • – Automated high-quality spelling, grammar        and rephrasing corrections using artificial intelligence (AI) to improve        the flow of your writing. Free and subscription plans available.


8. Find the   best journal to publish your work. Identifying the best journal to submit your   research to can be a difficult process. To help you make the choice of where   to submit, simply insert your title and abstract in any of the listed under the Publishing   your Systematic Review tab.