3 Topics

Topic 1.Sexual Victimization of LGBTQ Community

Review the Human Rights Campaign Website link on Sexual Violence in the LGBTQ Community
Sexual Assault and the LGBTQ Community

1. QUESTION: What factors place transgender individuals at a higher risk for sexual victimize?

Sexual violence affects every demographic and every community including LGBTQ people. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), lesbian, gay and bisexual people experience sexual violence at similar or higher rates than straight people.

The National Coalition of Anti-Violence Projects (NCAVP) estimates that nearly one in ten LGBTQ survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) has experienced sexual assault from those partners. Studies suggest that around half of transgender people and bisexual women will experience sexual violence at some point in their lifetimes.

As a community, LGBTQ people face higher rates of poverty, stigma, and marginalization, which put us at greater risk for sexual assault. We also face higher rates of hate-motivated violence, which can often take the form of sexual assault. Moreover, the ways in which society both hypersexualizes LGBTQ people and stigmatizes our relationships can lead to intimate partner violence that stems from internalized homophobia and shame.

Yet, as a community, we rarely talk about how sexual violence affects us or what our communitys unique needs are when it comes to preventing sexual assault and supporting and caring for survivors of sexual violence.

The CDCs National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey found for LGB people:

44 percent of lesbians and 61 percent of bisexual women experience rape, physical violence, or stalking by an intimate partner, compared to 35 percent of straight women

26 percent of gay men and 37 percent of bisexual men experience rape, physical violence, or stalking by an intimate partner, compared to 29 percent of straight men

46 percent of bisexual women have been raped, compared to 17 percent of straight women and 13 percent of lesbians

22 percent of bisexual women have been raped by an intimate partner, compared to 9 percent of straight women

40 percent of gay men and 47 percent of bisexual men have experienced sexual violence other than rape, compared to 21 percent of straight men

Within the LGBTQ community, transgender people and bisexual women face the most alarming rates of sexual violence. Among both of these populations, sexual violence begins early, often during childhood.

The 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey found that 47% of transgender people are sexually assaulted at some point in their lifetime.

Among people of color, American Indian (65%), multiracial (59%), Middle Eastern (58%) and Black (53%) respondents of the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey were most likely to have been sexually assaulted in their lifetime

Nearly half (48 percent) of bisexual women who are rape survivors experienced their first rape between ages 11 and 17.

For LGBTQ survivors of sexual assault, their identities and the discrimination they face surrounding those identities often make them hesitant to seek help from police, hospitals, shelters or rape crisis centers, the very resources that are supposed to help them.

85 percent of victim advocates surveyed by the NCAVP reported having worked with an LGBTQ survivor who was denied services because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. The 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey found that one in five (20%) respondents who were incarcerated in jail, prison, or juvenile detention in the past year were sexually assaulted by facility staff during that time. Additionally, 17% of respondents who stayed at one or more homeless shelters in the past year were sexually assaulted at the shelter because they were transgender

This epidemic of sexual violence in the LGBTQ community is something we must all work together to address. If someone discloses to you that they have been sexually assaulted, remember to believe them, reassure them that it wasnt their fault, keep their disclosure confidential (unless the situation requires mandatory reporting), and never pressure them for more information than they want to share.

If you or someone you know has been sexually assaulted, there are some LGBTQ-friendly resources listed below:

Let’s Talk About It: A Transgender Survivor’s Guide to Accessing Therapy

National Sexual Assault Hotline can also refer you to a local rape crisis center
1-800-656-HOPE (4673) 24/7 or
Online Counseling at https://ohl.rainn.org/online/

Love is Respect Hotline
1-866-331-99474 (24/7) or Text loveis 22522

The Anti-Violence Project serves people who are LGBTQ
Hotline 212-714-1124 Bilingual 24/7

LGBT National Help Center
National Hotline (1-888-843-4564) or National Youth Talkline (1-800-246-7743)
Online Peer Support Chat (https://www.glbthotline.org/peer-chat.html) or Weekly Youth Chatrooms (https://www.glbthotline.org/youthchatrooms.html)

National Domestic Violence Hotline
Text LOVEIS to 22522

FORGE serves transgender and gender nonconforming survivors of domestic and sexual violence; provides referrals to local counselors

The Network La Red serves LGBTQ, poly, and kink/BDSM survivors of abuse; bilingual
Hotline – 617-742-4911

Northwest Network serves LGBT survivors of abuse; can provide local referrals
Hotline 206-568-7777

Topic 2
Sexual Abuse in Detention

Read “Prison Rape ” its uploaded
Question: Should consensual sexual behavior be allowed within prisons? Why or why not?

Topic 3
Campus Related Sexual Assault
Read: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/military-sexual-assault-survivors-broken-system/

Question 3:Should colleges and universities be held accountable for not disclosing sexual assaults that take place on their campuses? Would it be possible for colleges and universities to provide a more accurate account of the number of sexual victimizations that occur on their campuses? If so, how?

Topic 4.
In California Coalition Against Sexual Assault pulled together students from around the State of California to assess the response to sexual assault on college campuses.  This “Student Summit” culminated in a report that outlined students experiences on their own campuses and ideas that they felt would effectively improve the response to and prevention of sexual assault.

Review this report  then respond to the following questions: Reading Uploaded under CALCASA STUDENT

Which themes stood out to you?

Which recommendations do you think would be the most effective?